The Right Questions: Truth, Meaning & Public Debate

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But it also depends on more general normative principles, such as the right of self-rule and the right to life, which are litmus tests for determining the morality of that procedure. It also disagrees with consequentialism, insisting that merely striving for a "good" outcome is not actually helpful in determining how to act. He exists; He has a character; and not all things are the same to Him. He will also inquire as to the nature and soundness of the arguments offered in defense of these normative (i.e., moral) claims.

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Chinese Moral Sentiments Before Confucius: A Study in the

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The virtues we have considered thus far concern our own state. Test this claim by asking five people you know, “Do you believe there is a difference between ethics and morality? A utilitarian would have to attempt the task but it would be an extraordinarily difficult one for a moral agent to have to make in a real situation. Far from being an act of disrespect, Kaepernick's protest is an expression of the best of America: moral courage and freedom of expression. Specifically, we argue that couples with offspring may have a special responsibility to enhance their relationships for the sake of their children.

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Humanity : A Moral History of the Twentieth Century

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As such this book is an original and valuable addition to the literature on James, and it does much to bring James into closer dialogue with other recent efforts to rethink ethics without appeal to some rule of reason, whether it be in the form of an utilitarian calculus or a categorical imperative. Discovery of the neural processes that convert the external influences to thought and action are scientifically interesting but philosophically unimportant. When pursuing Marxist ethics, revolution is the most efficient means for creating a society without class distinctions.

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Nozick, Autonomy and Compensation (Continuum Studies in

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Some forgive these apparent contradictions, and to many relativists these refutations of Relativism’s arguments miss the point. It was only this pious hope which distinguished this kind of intuitionism from the most extreme form of subjectivism -- and this should remind us that these two doctrines, superficially so different, are not in fact very dissimilar. Nevertheless, although the system of nature is looked upon as a machine, yet so far as it has reference to rational beings as its ends, it is given on this account the name of a kingdom of nature.

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Essays On the Platonic Ethics

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If you ask people to define "immoral," generally they will give an answer that has to do with sex. Nietzsche has a tendency to throw out themes and leave us the task of seeing how they cohere. And, at the same time, it pinpoints our distinctiveness as humans, the capacity for choice. (Joanna Macy) ‘Wherefore, brethren, thus must ye train yourselves: Liberation of the will through love will develop, we will often practice it, we will make it vehicle and base, take our stand upon it, store it up, throughly set it going.’ (Buddha) In the early Buddhist view, then, a persons identity resides not in an enduring self but in his actions (karma)- that is in the choices that shape these actions.

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Liberalism's Troubled Search for Equality: Religion and

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Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy 8 (2):1-19. Although the brain size of Homo habillis was less than 50% the brain size of modern humans, these creatures did use tools in hunting and gathering food. We are co-constituted by each other, we "exist" in each other in certain ways (being "in" love is a significant example). For instance, it does not seem to prevent me from regarding rationality as an achievement and respecting one person as a rational agent in this sense, but not another.

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God and The Meanings of Life: What God Could and Couldn't do

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Thus, virtue appears to be much more like what Aristotle would have thought of as a lesser trait, viz., continence or self-control. Yet a brief survey of the virtues that hinge on justice reveals an account that is richer than the foregoing paragraphs may suggest. The principle: So act in regard to every rational being (thyself and others), that he may always have place in thy maxim as an end in himself, is accordingly essentially identical with this other: Act upon a maxim which, at the same time, involves its own universal validity for every rational being.

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The Philosopher Queen: Feminist Essays on War, Love, and

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Thompson covers diet and health issues, livestock welfare, world hunger, food justice, environmental ethics, Green Revolution technology and GMOs in this concise but comprehensive study. Back in mediaeval times lots of things were made for the purposes of, essentially, prayer. But what interests us more here is to know that the prime foundation of morality laid down by all these principles is nothing but heteronomy of the will, and for this reason they must necessarily miss their aim.

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Uncle Dan's Report Card: From Toddlers to Teenagers, Helping

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Laws, justice systems, and personal opinions on social issues are frequent the concern of applied moral philosophy. Firstly, in The Philosophy of Moral Development in which Kohlberg (1981) establishes the philosophical basis of moral development, he reviews the ethics theories of Socrates, Kant, Rawls, and other moral philosophers and tries to determine the proper object of moral education—he concludes it is justice—and the proper developmental process of this education—he notes three levels and six stages.

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Ethics And Natural Law: A Reconstructive Review Of Moral

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And in our moral lives it seems inescapable that we demonstrate some preference for our friends, relatives and the people whom we love over strangers that we never encounter, if only because of emotional and physical proximity. Virtue theory returned to prominence in Western philosophical thought in the twentieth century, and is today one of the three dominant approaches to normative theories (the other two being deontology and consequentialism). They differ in that the prodigal person acts on the principle of acquiring means with the sole intention of enjoyment, while the avaricious person acts on the principle of acquiring means with the sole intention of possessing them.

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