Following the Rules: Practical Reasoning and Deontic

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Much of this essay necessarily degenerated into a summary of the Genealogy, because it remains especially difficult to evaluate Nietzsche without a sketch of his ideas fresh in mind. The pursuit of moral knowledge dates back to Ancient Greek philosophers, but it is mostly the influence of Enlightenment moral thought that continues to shape ethics today. Consequently, teaching ethics in chiropractic college is not about giving someone a sense of guilt, so that he or she becomes a moral person; I think it takes a real life-altering event to do that.

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Outlines of metaphysic: dictated portions of the lectures of

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And "Honour thy father and thy mother" (Exodus 20:12) is not just a recommendation to be nice, it is a Commandment and a religious duty. Many of Kant’s commentators, who are skeptical about these apparently exorbitant metaphysical claims, have attempted to make sense of his discussions of the intelligible and sensible worlds in less metaphysically demanding ways. He also claimed that the rational part of the soul or mind must govern the spirited, emotional and appetitive parts in order to lead all desires and actions to eudaimonia, the principal constituent of which is virtue.

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Ethics and Politics; Comprising His Practical Philosophy

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Once I have adopted an end in this sense, it dictates that I do something: I should act in ways that will bring about the end or instead choose to abandon my goal. C) Those sciences which govern the morals of mankind, such as Theology and Philosophy, make everything their concern: no activity is so private or so secret as to escape their attention or their jurisdiction. (Michel de Montaigne) From the apparent usefulness of the social virtues, it has readily been inferred by sceptics, both ancient and modern, that all moral distinctions arise from education, and were, at first, invented, and afterwards encouraged ... in order to render men tractable, and subdue their natural ferocity and selfishness, which incapacitated them for society. (David Hume, 1737) If religion is the establishing of a relationship between man and the universe, then morality is the indication and explanation of those activities that automatically result when a person maintains one or other relationship to the universe.

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Bushido: Samurai Ethics and the Soul of Japan (Dover

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So the claim about moral overridingness is typically understood with “should” meaning “rationally should”, with the result that moral requirements are asserted to be rational requirements. If it is not true, it can be dismissed. In a similar fashion, we may think of a person as free when bound only by her own will and not by the will of another. The tyranny of this idiosyncrasy, however, results in the theory of "adaptation" being pushed forward into the van of the argument, exploited; adaptation--that means to say, a second-class activity, a mere capacity for "reacting"; in fact, life itself has been defined (by Herbert Spencer) as an increasingly effective internal adaptation to external circumstances. (II, 12) Thus, Nietzsche, while tackling the problems of man-as-animal explicitly rejects the Darwinian vision, and strives for his own original depiction of man-as-animal.

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Invented Moralities

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If you do rate another person, you will receive feedback about this person's moral attitudes, relative to your own attitudes and to those of other respondents. Repent and you are Saved, according to the promise of Christ. Thus, supposing that the taxi driver has freely exercised his rational capacities in pursuing his line of work, we make permissible use of these capacities as a means only if we behave in a way that he could, when exercising his rational capacities, consent to — for instance, by paying an agreed on price.

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Hume, With Helps To The Study Of Berkeley

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In a society where the vast majority of disease decline preceded vaccines, where in some instances vaccines caused a reversal of prior disease declines, where in some instances vaccines have proven to be counterproductive, where policy is based on a disproven herd immunity theory, and where policy is substantially driven by a corrupt industry that routinely engages in criminal behavior and that profits handsomely by the policy it drives, such a mandate is contrary to the very essence of what it means to be a democratic republic.

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Live Now: Artful Messages of Hope, Happiness & Healing

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Thus they too help to bear witness to the universal consensus that the moral law is based on supernatural sanctions. The idea that charitable systems, free of coercion or government, may benefit the poor better than the Welfare State, although still incomprehensible to the Left, is born out by history. These branches of ethics occasionally overlap. However, such a heavy handed approach would not respect the personal and multicultural diversity that we encounter in the world.

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Where I Was or Why I Didn't Come: A Little Book of Poetry

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Philosophical theories on the nature and origins of morality (that is, theories of meta-ethics ) are broadly divided into two classes: Moral realism is the class of theories which hold that there are true moral statements that report objective moral facts. Exit polls following the last Presidential election illustrated the dichotomy between belief and application which currently exists within the Christian community: 45 percent of those who labeled themselves as “evangelicals” voted for “economic” issues above “moral” issues.

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Through Common Things: Philosophical Reflections on Global

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If the victim dies, then the assisting person could be held responsible for the death. These afflictions include crime, drug abuse, low productivity, unemployment, unwanted teenage pregnancies, irresponsible conduct, vandalism, violent behavior, depression, anxiety, and other psychological ailments. And reciprocity requires a certain degree of proximity. The movie Devil's Advocate [1997] presents the view that a lawyer (Keanu Reeves) who does his professional duty to defend a client he knows to be guilty has done wrong to a degree that may open him to Satanic (Al Pacino) temptation.

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The Confessions of Jean Jacques Rousseau with Thirteen

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Being based on a social practice does not mean there is no (perceived) moral grounds for the social practice in the first place. What are the ultimate grounds of an affirmation to protect the environment? The Bhagavad Gita, 2:47, Juan Mascaró translation [Penguin Books, 1962, p.52] Virtue pursued with intent deserves no reward; evil committed without intent merits no punishment. Stressed unhappy staff are less productive, take more time off, need more managing, and also take no interest in sorting out the organisation's failings when the whole thing implodes. reputation - it takes years, decades, to build organisational reputation - but only one scandal to destroy it.

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