Practical Intelligence and the Virtues

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About 2500 years ago, Aristotle, one of the most well known names in philosophy stated that the uniqueness of a virtuous person comes from their arête, phronesis... This "moral sense" theory was further developed by Hutcheson (1694-1747); meanwhile "common sense" was suggested by Thoms Reid (1710-1796) as the highest norm of moral conduct. But I can't, because it contradicts my position on some other issues. Tuesday August 4, 2009 One of the most important characteristics of moral judgments is that they express our values.

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A Review of the Principal Questions in Morals

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But the principle that harm and injustice be balanced by a proportional harm of retribution is essential to the moral meaning of punishment. Harris is defining science in the broadest way imaginable, as a process with respect for the scientific method, incorporating reason and logic and proper justification for beliefs (I sometimes think his definition of science is just “philosophy”, a label and pursuit he tries to keep himself separate from).

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An enquiry concerning the human understanding

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If you find anything attractive in this philosophical position, you would have to call a person torturing you for the fun of it a good person if he, the torturer felt good about it. As we just discussed, our efforts to be virtuous may contribute to our general betterment, but they alone cannot bring us to final happiness (although they can aid us in this regard, as we will see shortly). But one often faces multiple choices for every decision to be made.

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Human Nature and Conduct an Introduction to Social

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As soon as she did this, her supervisor began to berate her in staff meetings, change her work schedule unfairly and without notice, withhold needed information, set unreasonable deadlines, and prevent her opportunities for professional advancement. For nothing has any worth except what the law assigns it. When the philosophical going gets tough, those without this acquired expertise can easily feel out of their depth. Subjectivists claim that there is such a dependency, while moral objectivists deny this.

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An Introduction to Animals and Political Theory (The

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Have you studied the developer's arguments? Take the following sentences: Abortion is wrong. The demand to maximise good, or similarly impersonal moral demands can conflict with the projects and principles and feelings to which individuals are deeply committed. Dealing with these problems is complicated by various social attitudes, what Charles Taylor (1991) calls 'malaises of modernity'. Each sphere contributes to the dialogue that is known as conscience formation.

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Commentaries on Living, Second Series

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According to Aquinas’s metaethics, human goodness depends on performing acts that are in accord with our human nature. Philosophical ethics could be called the study of what is good and bad. While Positive science is concerned with what is. In religious deontology, the principles derive from divine commandment so that under religious laws, we are morally obligated not to steal, lie, or cheat. Common sense dictates that we should resist, if we can, the socio-biological pressures to such self-destructive activity and choose instead to act in our best self-interest.

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Christian Ethics Today, Issue 71

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People who are eudaimon are not in a particular emotional state so much as they are living successfully. A line therefore must be drawn between goods for others that will only concern us through contractual actions rebounding to our self-interest, and those goods for others that may make demands on us to act out of moral duty for the sake of those others even without expectation of benefit to ourselves. The family is the true school of morality, a school which nothing can replace. It attracted numerous twentieth-century philosophers with positivistic, non-cognitivist leanings.

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Global Feminist Ethics (Feminist Constructions)

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For example, The Psychological Society of Ireland consists four overall ethical principles, in their code, which subsume a large number of specific ethical standards. A different kind of explanation (Ross & Nisbett, 1991, pp. 56-8) invokes relevant features of the situation. Moore's remarks on p. 6 of Principia Ethica might seem to conflict with Keynes's description of his method; he there says that his business is not with 'proper usage, as defined by custom'.

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The Constitution of Agency: Essays on Practical Reason and

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He came to be seen as a champion for the rights of those considered mentally ill. In short, to say that all interpretive schemes are relative is not to say that they are therefore worthless or void of practical consequences. Professional basketball is a formal public system; all the players know that what the referees call a foul determines what is a foul. The techniques of experimental philosophy, which studies how people respond to ethical dilemmas, should be able to help.

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Foul Play: The Dark Arts of Cheating in Sport

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Morality impacts our everyday decisions, and those choices are directed by our conscience. The individual is forced to make decisions; often any choice is a bad choice. Family is not fundamental, it is not first. Examples of unethical behaviour – unethical behaviour is self-regarding behaviour with a negative contribution to the world around us. But this fact tells us exactly nothing about whether it’s OK to rape people. But I do not see that he has cited any empirical evidence for this claim.

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